First things ﬁrst. Is it a prawn or is it a shrimp? Are they the same or is there actually a difference between the two? A prawn is sometimes called a prawn or a shrimp and a shrimp is called a shrimp or a prawn. Confused? You should be. The terms are used interchangeably and it often depends on where you live as to which term is used. With over 300 different species of prawns and shrimp, call them whatever you like and enjoy!